Orthodontics is a branch of dentistry which aims to diagnose and treat jaw and teeth distortions. The primary aim is to prevent any future anomaly with early intervention. In the advanced stage, it is the correction of the existing anomaly.
Reasons for orthodontic treatment
Orthodontic treatment is required when there are misaligned teeth, when the jaw is too far forward or too far back, when teeth are too forward, improper closure or contact of the lower and upper teeth. Also cheek and lip biting conditions are treated.
Causes of orthodontic disorders
Many factors such as finger suction and wrong pacifier use, tooth squeezing, nail eating, pencil biting habits, malnutrition, and the pressure of the wisdom teeth on other teeth, breathing through the mouth and genetic predisposition may cause the orthodontic disorder.
Is there age of any importance in orthodontic treatment?
The treatment can be applied to patients of all ages. Nowadays, patients over 60 years of age may prefer orthodontic treatment. The most important disadvantage of advancing age is the longer duration of treatment according to the age. It is also easier to take the jaw forward or backward as bone development continues at an early age. Bones are hardened in advanced ages and surgical intervention may be required.
How does it applied?
Your dentist will decide on the need for treatment and he – she will choose the correct treatment as a result of your examination. The most preferred application in the treatment of orthodontic is the application of the bracket. Your dentist decides on the use of fixed or removable apparels according to the treatment. Especially in recent years, the use of porcelain or plastic brackets, which do not prevent aesthetic appearance in adult orthodontics, increases. Especially for the treatment of young people and adults, orthodontic treatment which does not require wire insertion is the treatment made with transparent molds. (Invisalign).
Oral and dental care in orthodontic treatment
After the start of the treatment, there is no danger of breaking the brackets due to brushing teeth. The brushing of the brackets is important for cleaning. You can get help from specially designed brushes.
While wearing braces, it should be avoided to eat hard, especially crusty foods that may cause breakage. Gum, marshmallow or jellybeans have the possibility of sticking to the wire. So you should be avoided them.