Oral health is very important during pregnancy. If you don’t take some precautions, you may experience many problems. Before and during pregnancy, the dentist check always helps to maintain the health of the mother as well as the health of the baby. Rapid changes in hormone levels during this period affect the mouth as well as the whole body. Higher hormone levels with accumulated plaques accelerate the formation of gingivitis. If inflammation that occurs before pregnancy is not treated, it may cause premature birth or miscarriage. Especially in the early stages of pregnancy, nausea, and vomiting increase the acid secretion in the mouth and cause tooth wear and sensitivity. Brushing the teeth immediately after vomiting may increase this wearing, so you should rinse your mouth with water or milk. You can brush your teeth after half an hour. Pregnant women are at higher risk of tooth decay for several reasons, including increased acidity in the oral cavity, sugary dietary cravings and limited attention to oral health. You should decrease their risk of cavities by paying attention to oral care.
Oral and dental care during pregnancy
Brush your teeth twice a day with fluoride toothpaste. Use dental floss once a day. Get enough calcium for yours and your child’s future oral health. Calcium can be found in milk and milk products, dark green leafy vegetables. Keep your intake of high-sugar and acidic foods and beverages to a minimum. If you visit your dentist regularly during pregnancy, you can prevent problems before they grow.
Dental treatment during pregnancy
In the first and last trimester of pregnancy, you should avoid any intervention other than emergency treatment. During the first trimester of pregnancy, organogenesis isn’t complete, so your baby is very sensitive. There may be a risk of miscarriage. In the last trimester, birth is approached and some interventions may lead to premature birth. Dental procedures should be scheduled during the second trimester of pregnancy. If necessary, treatments such as canal treatment, gravity, filling, and tooth removal can be applied.
Tooth loss during pregnancy
There is a belief that people lose teeth in pregnancy. But this has not a scientific foundation, it is just a superstition. If you pay attention to oral care and do not neglect the dentist’s controls, you will not have you tooth loss. In order to protect the baby’s tooth development, which starts at the fifth or sixth weeks of pregnancy, mothers should pay utmost attention to oral health and their diet. You should consume foods rich in calcium and phosphorus with vitamins A, C, and D, avoid unnecessary drug use during pregnancy. Tetracycline group antibiotics used during pregnancy may cause discolouration of the baby’s teeth. Mothers who care about nutrition and oral care help her baby to have healthy teeth throughout her / him life.